Traditional education vs. education 2.0
The educational system in the United States is non maintaining up with rapid turning engineering. Anya Kamenetz studies in her article in fastcompany.com that “ college tuition has gone up more than any other good or service since 1990 and our state ‘s pupils and alumnuss hold a astonishing $ 714 billion in outstanding student-loan debt. These facts show us that in order to maintain up with other states, alterations must be made in our educational system.
What our universities will look like in 2020 is impossible to foretell with any grade of truth, nevertheless we can look at the engineering we have today and do some educated conjectures. In the yesteryear, a typical schoolroom would hold text editions, notebooks, pencils and reckoners. Now and even more in the hereafter, it will be common to see pupils go toing category without any of these. Students will be walking into schoolrooms with nil more than a laptop or even with the freshly invented iPad. They may non even walk into schoolrooms at all. The universities and schoolrooms of the hereafter could be more practical than actual. A university of tomorrow may no longer necessitate to house and learn 1000s of pupils on site. It may be more of a hub for smaller schoolrooms and resources. Most of the instruction would be done with the usage of web Cams and the cyberspace. Students will merely utilize laptops alternatively of pencil and paper in order to take notes. Hard transcript text editions will no longer be needed. Textbooks will be purchased and downloaded onto laptops or iPads. “ CourseSmart of San Mateo, California, already makes more than 7000 college text editions from 12 publishing houses available to its endorsers online via their computing machines, but now the company has added ‘E text editions for the iPhone ‘ ( Weiss ) . The job has been that E Readers of the past were black and white and could non expose images or artworks, but with devices such as iPhones, iPod Touch, and iPads this is a job of the yesteryear.
Kamenetz writes that Brigham Young professor, David Wiley, a former Marshall University pupil, advocates unfastened content. He feels that package plans should be available at no cost to anyone. In a different article published by the Deseret News, Elaine Jarvik writes that Wiley feels “ higher instruction does n’t reflect the manner pupils are populating, ” Wiley goes on to state that sites like Facebook, Google, Twitter, and free online radio entree have changed the manner our society lives. “ Higher instruction does n’t reflect the life that pupils are populating. In that life, information is available on demand, files are shared, and the universe is nomadic and connected. Today ‘s colleges, on the other manus, are typically tethered, stray, generic, and closed ” ( Jarvik ) .
Our establishments of higher acquisition can non do the same errors being made by the intelligence print and entering industries. Ten old ages ago when Napster, a music file sharing plan, became popular and vocals were being shared and downloaded for free the recording industry trying to keep their out-of-date concern theoretical account filed tonss of jurisprudence suite ‘s and finally was able to close Napster down. Presently there tonss of plans merely like Napster and downloading music is platitude. If the recording industry had started ten old ages ago what they are trying to get down now, which is monetising subscription music services, they would be a batch better off and now seeking to catch up. The same can be said of the intelligence print concern. Many documents and magazines have internet versions to travel along with the print transcripts, but this did non get down right off and this industry will hold to play catch up in order to last. Institutions of higher acquisition can non go on to pattern within the old concern theoretical account which puts accent on the figure of seats in a schoolroom. They must encompass new engineerings and reconstitute their design to take advantage of our new planetary society.
In Kamenetz ‘s article, she points out that the United States ranks ten percent in the universe when it comes to pupils having grades from higher instruction. In the yesteryear, the United States was superior in instruction until engineering began to spread out and other states took advantage of new tactics of learning. Today, the United States does do good usage of newer engineering such as utilizing the cyberspace to direct prep through e-mail but does non to the full take advantage of technological progresss. We decidedly can non afford to hold our universities fall behind any farther.
The construct of this new on-line university does non come without jobs. With the ability to hold an full text book on a manus held device, it would be easy to look up trial replies unnoticed during category. While taking trials or classs online it would be easy to have aid or be given the replies to inquiries by others. A pupil in this new university would hold to be really self driven and independent. Online classs are missing the “ one on one ” attending that a instructor and the traditional schoolroom can supply. Another job is that of entree. Without entree to high velocity or broadband cyberspace service it will be impossible to take part in the practical universities of tomorrow. In a CNET intelligence article Lance Whitney studies, “ In a study of more than 100,000 people in more than 50,000 families across the U.S. , 40 per centum reported no broadband or high-velocity entree to the Internet, while 30 per centum said they have no Internet entree at all. ” There has been talk for old ages about supplying broadband to all United States citizens. Recently the Obama disposal has presented a program to run into this end. With the attempts of the President, Google, and broadband companies, all Americans will finally hold entree to broadband services.
Trent Batson, a past English professor with a Ph.D. and now an IT leader, writes an interesting paragraph in his article “ Why is Web 2.0 Important to Higher Education? ” He says:
Culturally talking, with the coming of Web 2.0, the ‘traditional schoolroom ‘ with one talker and many hearers is now an oddness, a atavist, a signifier that should stand for 15 per centum of undergraduate interaction with module, non 85 per centum as it does now. With so many ways to make cognition now really quickly and collaboratively, we are freed from the necessity of a remarkable attack to learning. It no longer makes sense. If you are a module member and you are still walking into the schoolroom with a talk in head and “ the points to cover, ” as I did for many old ages, you are populating in the yesteryear, a yesteryear that is now disused. Granted, your occupation is easier and the pupils love it if you merely speak, but do you experience right about what you are making?
This is a strong statement for alteration in our educational system.
At one clip, pedagogues thought that reckoners would do pupils lazy and non-productive. Now today ‘s pedagogues need to larn from history and encompass new engineering and get down believing outside of the normal box, which we think of as the schoolroom.
Students will non hold to go to talks or categories, merely at specific times. These talks can be recorded and streamed over the cyberspace. Merely one on one interactions and tutoring will necessitate to be at set times. “ College pupils can now see Web sites to acquire their category stuffs and assignment details.They can download talks and excess class content on their iPods ” ( The Iowa Journal ) . Research or term documents of the past involved travelling to the library and finishing your research so typing out your paper for printing and in conclusion, demoing up in category to turn your paper in for recognition. Now research is done online, so typed and emailed in for recognition on the same laptop used for the initial research. In the universities of 2020, this may all be done on a manus held device. Voice dictation/recognition will likely take the topographic point of typing as a manner of inputting informations.
The schoolroom of the hereafter is likely to hold a chalkboard that sends the notes straight to a waiter or the laptop of the pupils in the category. Traditional Fieldss of survey will go on to be available. However, pupils will besides be able to obtain one grade compilation categories and surveies from several universities both in and outside of the United States. These may besides be more of a generalist grade in the combing of Fieldss such as news media, computing machine scientific discipline, concern disposal, and selling. These grades will be designed to run into the demanding occupations of the hereafter whereas our current grades fall short.
A study from The Economist Intelligence Unit ) – “ Technology has had – and will go on to hold – a important impact on higher instruction ” ( . About two-thirds ( 63 % ) of study respondents from both the populace and private sectors say that technological invention will hold a major influence on learning methodological analysiss over the following five old ages.